The Gramsci Emilia-Romagna Foundation has conducted, within the project, 10 interviews structured around an open list of questions that, starting from the exploration of the experiences and personal context of each of the interviewees, has gradually tried to investigate the perceptions, analyses and interpretations that they have addressed to ’89 and its multiple meanings.
The sample of testimonies was intentionally bidirectional: on the one hand, the memorial re-elaboration of some protagonists of Italian political life was solicited, as it was considered necessary to confront the testimony of those who in those years enjoyed a “privileged” point of view, in terms of roles and political-institutional positions, on the events of 1989. On the other hand, a number of personalities involved in the Emilia-Romagna region at the time were questioned as intellectuals, social movement activists, professionals linked to the world of cooperation and the non-profit sector, and representatives of the Catholic world and secular associations.
Through this selection we have attempted to explore the connections, rejects and memorial conflicts of a group of actors who were socially, professionally and politically very diverse, but united by their involvement in the practices of political-institutional activity and civil commitment. The intent was to weave a dialogue between the local and national levels, in turn dialectically intertwined, which, in the intentions of the project, is crucial to articulate a first, albeit partial, mapping of the plural memories of 1989 in a macro-geographical context – the Italian one and, specifically, the Emilia-Romagna one – deeply marked by the codes of the Cold War and the legacy of the communist tradition.